Geography of Cannes
Discover the Cannes geography, fauna & flora
The town of Cannes is one of the most famous along the exclusive French Riviera. Located in the south eastern corner of France, Cannes belongs to the Alpes-Maritimes region of Provence.
Cannes is spread across a long waterfront promenade with a few surrounding hilly areas. The land mass is approximately 20km squared with a local population of 73,000 inhabitants. Cannes enjoys a lovely warm climate with long summers and short mild winters during the months of December to February.
Fauna & wildlife
Larger wild mammals are rare in the Provence and Alpes-Maritimes Regions, however there are wild boar that can be found in parts of Provence. The Mercantour National Park is a haven for all types of mammal and here you may catch a glimpse of the re-introduced Italian wolf. Other animals you will find here include polecats, badgers, weasels, foxes, pine martens, marmots, chamois, ibex and of course the wild boar.
Across the whole area you will hear the familiar sound of tree crickets or cicada. For most people this sounds signifies a warm Mediterranean style climate and this is exactly what they enjoy. Lizards are also very common in the regions, especially the small 'skinks' that you will see darting about even in the centre of town.
Birds and seabirds are of course very common with many species migrating here or using the area as a stopping point on their way further south. Swarms of swifts can often be seen above fields and even over the towns and cities and flamingo are prevalent in the wetlands of the Camargue in particular, where they will nest and can reach populations of around 20,000.
Flora & vegetation
The Var region and Alpes-Maritimes area are the third most forested areas of France and are well known for their variety of pine trees. Best known and most obvious from its 'umbrella' shaped canopy is the stone pine (or umbrella pine). Other species include the maritime and aleppo pines.
All across the French Riviera there various notable trees that very much epitomise the Mediterranean climate, such as the cyrpress, lotus, fig, almond and oak.
The warm climate also makes it very easy for palm trees, aloes, olive, orange and lemon trees to grow. And of course an abundance of flowering trees, shrubs and bushes like the mimosa, jasmine, roses and carnations. The main place for orange and lemon trees is between Cannes, Antibes, Monaco and Menton. The latter in particular being very well known for their citrus production. Many of the cut flowers that you will find in the flower markets are grown around the Frejus and Antibes areas, however carnations and roses are mainly grown in Nice and Grasse areas, well known for their 'parfumerie's'.
The Greeks introduced the olive tree to Provence some 2,500 years ago. The Mediterranean climate is naturally excellent for the olive tree. It grows everywhere on slopes and in valleys up to a height of 600 metres. The harvest takes place in August and are mostly hand-picked before being processed into olive oil.
The area of Sophia Antipolis situated between Cannes and Antibes was an industrial site long before the present technopole park - possibly for even more than two thousand years. The abandoned clay mines are still visible when you look at a geological map of the region. A very refractory (heat resistant) clay was dug here and taken to Biot or Vallauris and the finished product exported. Formed between the limestone and laid down in irregular layers and colours - white, green and ochre yellow, the clay throws well on the potters wheel. This same clay was used to make the large Jarres that made Biot so famous.
Tanneron, the Esterel and the Massif des Maures are indeed, even talking in geological terms, very old lands. They are also acid; never having had the calcium (chalk) as an undersea deposit, which means a different 'flora' grows there from that found on limestone (hardened chalk). There are some flowers and trees that like one or the other and some not too much of either (neutral soils) and some that will grow anywhere.